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Version: v19 R7 BETA

Working with a project

4D projects are created and developed using the 4D application, which provides a comprehensive Integrated Development Environment (IDE). 4D Server can also create new, empty projects.

Multi-user development is managed via standard source control repository tools (Perforce, Git, SVN, etc.), which allow developers to work on different branches, and compare, merge, or revert modifications.

Creating a project

New 4D application projects can be created from 4D or 4D Server. In any case, project files are stored on the local machine.

To create a new project:

  1. Launch 4D or 4D Server.

  2. Do one of the following:

    • Select New > Project... from the File menu:
    • (4D only) Select Project... from the New toolbar button:

      A standard Save dialog appears so you can choose the name and location of the 4D project's main folder.
  3. Enter the name of your project folder and click Save. This name will be used:

  • as the name of the entire project folder,

  • as the name of the .4DProject file at the first level of the "Project" folder.

    You can choose any name allowed by your operating system. However, if your project is intended to work on other systems or to be saved via a source control tool, you must take their specific naming recommendations into account.

When you validate the Save dialog, 4D closes the current project (if any), creates a project folder at the indicated location, and puts all files needed for the project into it. For more information, refer to Architecture of a 4D Project.

You can then start developing your project.

Opening a project

To open an existing project from 4D:

  1. Do one of the following:

    * Select **Open a local application project** in the Welcome Wizard dialog
    * Select **Open/Local Project...** from the **File** menu or the **Open** toolbar button.

    The standard Open dialog appears.

  2. Select the project's .4dproject file and click Open. By default, the project is opened with its current data file. Other file types are suggested:

  • Packed project files: .4dz extension - deployment projects
  • Shortcut files: .4DLink extension - store additional parameters needed for opening projects or applications (addresses, identifiers, etc.)
  • Binary files: .4db or .4dc extension - legacy 4D database formats

Options

In addition to standard system options, the Open dialog in 4D provides two menus with specific options that are available using the Open button and the Data file menu.

  • Open - opening mode of the project:

  • Data file - specifies the data file to be used with the project. By default, the Current data file option is selected.

Project opening shortcuts

4D offers several ways to open projects directly and bypass the Open dialog:

  • via menu options:

    • Menu bar - File > Open Recent Projects / {project name}
    • 4D Tool bar - Select the project from the menu associated with the Open button
  • via preferences:

    • Set the At startup general preference to Open last used project.
  • using a .4DLink file.

You can use a .4DLink file to launch the 4D application and open the target 4D project. There are two ways to do this:

  • double-click or drag and drop the .4DLink file onto the 4D application
  • go to File > Open Recent Projects and select a project

open-recent-projects

A .4DLink file of "remote project" type can be copied and used on several machines.

It's also possible to select a 4DLink file in the 4D and 4D Server opening dialog box (opening local project only).

Files with the .4DLink extension are XML files that contain parameters intended to automate and simplify opening local or remote 4D projects.

.4DLink files can save the address of a 4D project as well as its connection identifiers and opening mode, saving you time when opening projects.

4D automatically generates a .4DLink file when a local project is opened for the first time or when connecting to a server for the first time. The file is stored in the local preferences folder at the following location:

  • Windows 7 and higher: C:\Users\UserName\AppData\Roaming\4D\Favorites vXX\
  • OS X: Users/UserName/Library/Application Support/4D/Favorites vXX/

XX represents the version number of the application. For example, "Favorites v19" for 4D v19.

That folder is divided into two subfolders:

  • the Local folder contains the .4DLink files that can be used to open local projects
  • the Remote folder contains the .4DLink files of recent remote projects

.4DLink files can also be created with an XML editor.

4D provides a DTD describing the XML keys that can be used to build a .4DLink file. This DTD is named database_link.dtd and is found in the \Resources\DTD\ subfolder of the 4D application.

File saving

When working on a project in 4D, you can use built-in 4D editors to create, modify, or save structure items, methods, forms, etc. Modifications are saved to disk when you select a Save menu item, or when the editor's window loses or gets the focus.

Since the editors use files on the disk, potential conflicts could happen if the same file is modified or even deleted from different locations. For example, if the same method is edited in a Code Editor window and in a text editor, saving both modifications will result in a conflict.

The 4D development framework includes a file access manager to control concurrent access:

  • if an open file is read-only at the OS level, a locked icon is displayed in the editor:
  • if an open file is edited concurrently from different locations, 4D displays an alert dialog when trying to save the changes:

  • Yes: discard editor changes and reload the modified version
  • No: save changes and overwrite the other version
  • Cancel: do not save

This feature is enabled for all built-in 4D editors (Structure, Form, Method, Settings, and Toolbox).