Qodly Studio in 4D is currently in the Developer Preview phase. Não deve ser usado na produção.
Qodly Studio is part of the Qodly platform, dedicated to the development of web business applications designed, tested and published entirely in the Qodly Cloud.
As of 4D v20 R2, you can use Qodly Studio directly from 4D to build modern and sophisticated web interfaces that you can easily integrate to your existing 4D projects and deploy on premise.
With Qodly Studio, you will discover a totally new web UI, get familiar with the concept of datasources, and learn how to:
- criar formulários Web colocando componentes em uma página
- mapear componentes para dados
- acionar o código 4D configurando eventos
- e muito mais.
O uso do Qodly Studio no 4D requer uma licença específica. Qodly Studio options and menu items won't appear if the license is not activated.
Qodly Studio suporta os seguintes navegadores Web:
A resolução recomendada é 1920x1080.
- Desenvolvimento: 4D v20 R2 ou superior
- Deployment: 4D Server v20 R2 or higher
- Qodly Studio only works with 4D projects (binary databases are not supported).
Habilitando o acesso a Qodly Studio
Por padrão, o acesso a Qodly Studio não é concedido.
Para permitir o acesso ao Qodly Studio, você deve permiti-lo explicitamente em dois níveis:
- a nível 4D (4D ou 4D Server)
- a nível do projeto
If one of the two levels (or both) are not enabled, access to Qodly Studio is denied (a 403 page is returned).
At 4D level
As a first security level, you need to allow access to Qodly Studio on the WebAdmin web server.
This setting applies to the 4D application (4D or 4D Server) on the host machine. Todos os projetos abertos com essa aplicação 4D consideram essa configuração.
Keep this option unchecked if you want to make sure no access to Qodly Studio is allowed on the application.
Check this option to make it possible to access Qodly Studio. No entanto, você ainda precisa habilitá-lo em todos os níveis do projeto.
Additionally, you can configure the WebAdmin web server's HTTP/HTTPS port used.
After any change to these settings, you must restart the WebAdmin web server for the new configuration to be effective.
A nível do projeto
After you have enabled access to Qodly Studio at the 4D level, you need to explicitly designate every project that can be accessed. The Enable access to Qodly Studio option must be enabled on the Web Features page of the 4D application's Settings.
Keep in mind that user settings can be defined at several levels, and that priorities apply.
Authentication on the WebAdmin web server is granted using an access key. Para obter mais detalhes, consulte Chave de acesso.
Ativação da renderização
To enable the rendering of webforms that are created in Qodly Studio, the following options must be set.
- The 4D project's Settings > Web > Web Features > Expose as REST server option must be activated
- The 4D web server must be running
When rendering webforms in the Web Studio, the renderer will connect to the 4D web server through HTTP or HTTPS, depending on the settings, following the same HTTP/HTTPS connection pattern as for the WebAdmin web server.
See this page for information on how to render webforms in Qodly.
Note that when you click on the "Preview in a new tab" button, a tab will open at
IP:port/$lib/renderer/?w=WebFormName on your machine.
Tenha em mente que Qodly Web Studio é executado pelo servidor web 4D WebAdmin. When you use Qodly Web Studio as a developer, even when you preview a webform in the studio, you're using the 4D WebAdmin web server. This allows you to see dataclasses, functions and attributes that are not exposed as REST resources for example (they are greyed out).
However, webform rendering happens outside 4D Web Studio, and is served by the standard 4D web server. In this situation, your web application cannot access assets that are not exposed as REST resources. See Exposed vs non-exposed functions and Exposing tables for more information on how to expose assets.
Renderer buttons are hidden if the configuration options are not activated.
WebAdmin server and deployment
For deployment, the WebAdmin server is not necessary. End-user access to your web application made with Qodly Studio is based on the 4D REST protocol, and as such, it works as through a conventional 4D remote application.
Using project methods
We recommend using class functions over project methods. Apenas as funções de classe podem ser chamadas a partir de componentes. No entanto, você ainda pode usar seus métodos projeto no Qodly Studio de duas maneiras:
- You can call your methods from class functions.
- You can directly execute your methods from the Qodly Explorer.
Abertura do Qodly Studio
The Qodly Studio page is available when the WebAdmin web server is running and authentication is activated (see above).
Há duas maneiras de acessar Qodly Studio:
from your 4D single-user application, go to Design > Qodly Studio.... If the WebAdmin web server is already running, depending on its configuration, your default browser opens at
IPaddress:HTTPSPort/studio. Otherwise, you will be prompted if you want to start the WebAdmin web server first.
on a browser, with the WebAdmin web server running (launched from 4D or 4D Server), enter the following address:
For example, after launching a local web server on port 7080, type this address in your browser:
You will then be prompted to enter the access key to access Qodly Studio.
Utilizar Qodly Studio
The official Qodly Studio documentation is available on the Qodly documentation website.
You can rely on this documentation and its associated resources for developing web applications powered by webforms. However, depending on implementation stage, 4D developers will either use Qodly Studio or 4D IDE.
There is no direct compatibility between apps implemented with 4D and apps implemented with Qodly.
|Qodly Studio para desenvolvedores 4D que usam o IDE 4D||Qodly Studio para desenvolvedores Qodly|
|Visualizar e editar tabelas (classes de dados), atributos e relações||4D Structure Editor(1)||Qodly Studio Model Editor|
|Webforms||Qodly Studio Webform Editor||Qodly Studio Webform Editor|
|Desktop forms||4D IDE||not supported|
|Linguagem de programação||4D Language featuring ORDA||QodlyScript featuring ORDA|
|Coding IDE||4D IDE code editor/VS Code with 4D extension(2)||Qodly Studio code editor|
|Depurador||Depurador 4D IDE||Depurador Qodly Studio|
|REST/Web roles and privileges||roles.json direct edit/Qodly Studio roles and privileges editor||Qodly Studio role and privileges editor|
(1) If you click on the Model button in Qodly Studio, nothing happens. (2) When you open some 4D code in Qodly Studio, syntax coloring is not available and a "Lsp not loaded" warning is displayed.
Gerenciamento de projetos
In accordance with the management of 4D projects, only the following usages are supported:
- development with Qodly Studio must be done using 4D (single-user).
- deployment of 4D applications powered with Qodly webforms must be done using 4D Server.
- In the current implementation, building merged 4D applications (stand-alone and server) that use Qodly webforms requires that the .4dz packed architecture be disabled, otherwise 404 errors are returned. If you build such merged applications, make sure you set the
PackProjectXML key to
Falsein the buildApp.4DSettings file.
From QodlyScript to 4D Language
4D developers can use the Qodly Studio documentation to learn how to design their webforms in Qodly Studio. Code examples are provided in QodlyScript, but since QodlyScript inherits from the 4D Language, you won't be lost. Converting QodlyScript code to 4D language is easy, it only requires some adaptations:
QodlyScript only support local variables, so variables in QodlyScript examples are not prefixed with
$. In the 4D code, make sure to prefix variable names with
$ so that they are identifed as local variables by 4D.
Símbolos e palavras-chave
Some basic symbols, operators, and keywords differ in QodlyScript and must be adapted to the 4D Language. They are listed below:
|,||;||separador de argumentos|
|=||:=||operador de atribuição|
|end||End for, End For each, End if, End case, End use, End while|
Some other items have a different case (ex:
This) but can be pasted directly in 4D code.
QodlyScript command names are written in camel case without spaces. Talvez você precise adaptar esses comandos à linguagem 4D.
- Normalmente, você só precisará converter os nomes. For example,
newCollectionin QodlyScript is
New collectionin 4D Language.
- No entanto, alguns comandos foram renomeados para uma melhor conformidade. They are listed below:
- Código QodlyScript:
declare(entitySelection : 4D.EntitySelection)
var dataClass : 4D.DataClass
var entity, duplicate : 4D.Entity
var status : object
- Código 4D equivalente no linguajem:
#DECLARE ( $entitySelection : 4D.EntitySelection )
var $dataClass : 4D.DataClass
var $entity; $duplicate : 4D.Entity
var $status : Object
End for each
You can develop with Qodly Studio while your computer is not connected to the internet. In this case however, the following features are not available:
- Templates: the Template library is empty
- UI tips: they are not displayed when you click on icons.
Sobre a licença de uso
To render webforms, you must have an available license, as rendering a webform opens a session on the project database's main web server.
Qodly Studio's URL scheme configuration (HTTP and HTTPS) determines how many licenses are retained when rendering webforms. With the appropriate configuration, you can avoid unnecessary license retaining.
As explained in the configuration section, the WebAdmin web server provides a secured web access to Qodly Studio. On the other hand, the renderer communicates with the 4D web server of the database using REST requests. Dessa forma, se comporta como um Cliente 4D convencional.
If you run the renderer from the Qodly Studio and these two web servers are not reached through the same URL scheme (HTTP or HTTPS), it might lead to wrong licence counting.
You run the Qodly Studio on an HTTPS URL scheme (e.g.
O servidor da Web do seu banco de dados é iniciado somente em uma porta HTTP.
- In Qodly Studio, you click on the rendering icon. You are warned that the two web servers are started on different schemes, but despite this you click on the Confirm button.
Como resultado, duas licenças são mantidas.
You can enable/disable the display of the renderer pop over using a Qodly Studio user setting.
O comportamento descrito anteriormente é devido ao cookie de sessão do servidor web 4D. This session cookie has a
SameSite attribute that determines if the session cookie is sent to the web server.
SameSite attribute's value is
Strict (default), the session cookie is not sent to the web server, so a new session is opened each time a page is rendered or refreshed.
For more information on the
SameSite attribute, check out this blog post.
To avoid using more licenses than necessary, we recommend doing one of the following:
- Run the renderer on another browser tab (by entering the rendered URL of your Web form:
- Assegure-se de que o Qodly Studio e seu banco de dados sejam acessados no mesmo esquema de URL.
- Use the
Laxvalue for the session cookie of your project database's web server.
This 5-minute video provides a "Hello World" example and covers how to enable access to the studio, create a basic interface, and configure an event that greets the user by their name: